In 2017, St. Petersburg won the World Travel Awards in the nomination “Best European City Direction 2017”. And in 2018 it was visited in aggregate by more than 8 million tourists, which exceeds the number of residents. The FIFA 2018 Championship attracted even more attention to the historical and cultural phenomenon of St. Petersburg. Speaking of tourism in the northern capital, it is difficult to start with something most outstanding, for it is not for nothing that the whole city is called the “Museum in the open air”. Indeed, the entire historical center is an object of UNESCO’s world heritage, and among Russian tourists, tours on roofs, yards, parade and communal areas are gaining popularity.
Only after the Petrine period of these lands gave a huge number of stories and monuments of architecture. Why is there one Nikolayev law that forbade building residential parts of houses above the eaves of the winter palace – so that none of the townspeople live above the members of the royal family. This law determined the unique development of the city for European capitals, when all the roofs of residential buildings are on the same level and the panorama of the city, with rare and pleasant exceptions in the form of spiers and domes of churches, is a flat line. This phenomenon called the heavenly line of St. Petersburg is known all over the world and plays an important role in the status of the city center as a world heritage. This status in turn protects the center from high-rise buildings – forcing to carry out large-scale business activity with high-rise business centers on the outskirts of the city.
Add to this an atypical for Russia planned development of the city with solid facades of embankments, regular and symmetrical forms of squares and spiers of historical dominants shining in the rays of the sun in the places reserved for them by the best architects of the past centuries, Domenico Trezzini, Carlo Bartolomeo Rastrelli, Auguste de Montferand and of course the incredibly active and talented Karl Ivanovich Rossi.
It would seem that this could be completed, but the city is built on a swampy terrain and at the moment there are about 93 rivers and canals, 100 reservoirs and more than 800 bridges, 13 of which are the famous drawbridges. They gather thousands of people around the city every night who watch spectacular shows from embankments, boats, sightseeing buses, balconies and roofs. And in the daytime, along the numerous arteries of the city scurrying sightseeing boats, offering sightseeing tours around the city.